Godan is one of the best work of Munshi Premchand. It’s a novel around people belonging to peasant and rural society. The story starts from a peasant named Hori who has a great desire for having a cow. So, to fulfill his desire, he purchased a cow on credit of Rs. 80 from Bhola who is a cowherd. He tried to cheat his brother for 10 rupees. This led to a fight between Hori’s wife and his younger brother Heera. In return Heera poisioned Hori’s cow and ran away in fear of imprisonment.
However, when police came for the inquiry of death of cow, Hori bribe the police and save his brother. On the other hand Hori’s son Gobar pregnant Bhola’s daughter Jhunia. In fear of action, he ran away from the village. However, Hori and his wife accept Jhunia as their daughter in law. Village Panchayat charge penalty to Hori for the action and hence he again has to take loan. In addition to this, he married off his daughter and for her marriage he again took loan.